How to feed a kitten – diet and frequency of feeding
Kittens should receive food strictly in accordance with their needs and age. It is important to consider the frequency of feeding and make sure that the kitten does not overeat.
The only right choice of food for a kitten is dry and wet industrial food. They are developed taking into account the characteristics of the body of a young animal and contain the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals necessary for harmonious development.
For example, a kitten needs more energy from food than an adult. He also needs a significant amount of amino acids, calcium, phosphorus and copper. And the digestibility of the protein contained in the diet should be at least 85%.
Kitten’s age-appropriate diet
The animal begins to eat solid food from 3-4 weeks, including tasting it from her mother’s dishes.
Kittens refuse to breast-feed their mother, as a rule, until they reach the age of 6-10 years.
Starting from 10-12 months you can gradually introduce adult food into the diet of your kitten. Specialized kitten feeds are no longer needed.
Frequency of feeding a kitten
Kittens should be fed 6 times a day at the age of 1 to 3 months when they get used to solid food. It is advisable to give the kitten food at the same time, so that he is used to a clear schedule.
A kitten aged 4-9 months should be fed 4 times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening you should give your kitten a bag of wet food and an appropriate portion of dry food throughout the day.
When your kitten is 9 months old, his body will be almost completely formed. After this, the kitten can be transferred to an adult diet: 2 bags of wet food (one in the morning and one in the evening) and the required amount of dry food for storage in a bowl.
Kitten Weight Control
The average weight gain of kittens per week is 100 grams. It is important to comply with this standard and not to overeat or fatten your kitten. Accordingly, the recommended amounts of feed must be observed.
Signs of satiety: a round stomach, washing, rumbling. If the kitten is hungry, he worries, clutching at the owner’s hands, biting and sucking his fingers.
However, even a well-fed pet can thus extort food. Such a kitten should be distracted by a game or affection. And in any case, one does not have to succumb to blackmail: additional nutrition can cause digestive problems, and constant overfeeding can lead to obesity and other diseases.
How to feed a kitten?
Most felinologists believe that a kitten who has reached the age of two months is ready to abandon mother’s milk. But in practice, kittens used to be torn from their cats. That is why manufacturers of high-quality ready-made diets produce baby food, starting from a month onwards. On the packaging of such a diet is marked: from 1 to 12 months.
When choosing a finished dish, pay attention to the content of Omega-3 fatty acids in its composition. These acids are found in the milk of a feline cat, so switching to solid food will not cause problems for the kitten. To strengthen muscles and bones, proteins and minerals are needed.
Can I give the kitten milk?
Do not give the kitten milk. He does not need it. Veterinarians say that whole, undiluted milk will only harm your kitten. Already at the age of 4-6 weeks, the kitten’s body prepares for adult food, reducing the number of enzymes that break down lactose and milk sugar. Every day, a kitten is more difficult to digest milk, so its use provokes bloating, indigestion and diarrhea. But kefir, sour milk or low-fat cottage cheese can be given in small portions: fermented dairy products are usually absorbed without problems.
Diet of “natural products” are only veterinarians.
If you decide not to use industrial food for your kitten, the general rule is that you and your veterinarian should prepare food for your kitten.
The most common mistake for home breeders is that some elements of the diet exceed the allowable limit, while others are not enough. Therefore, homemade food should be supplemented with vitamins or nutritional supplements. They will be recommended by your doctor after examining your pet.
Also, do not give kittens (and adult cats) food from the refrigerator, it causes cramping and can lead to vomiting.
What food to choose for a kitten?
A balanced ready-made feed is the best solution for the harmonious growth and development of a kitten: it is compiled by veterinarians and already contains all the nutritional supplements necessary for growth and development: vitamins, minerals and fiber.
“Dosage” depends on age and is adjusted depending on the weight of the animal.
Feeding your kitten with dry or wet food is up to you. Ideally, this is a combination of feeding, i.e. a mixture of two different types of food (but not in the same bowl). Such food will protect the baby from disruption of the internal organs, ensure the health of the oral cavity and digestive system.
If you plan to give the kitten only “dry food”, soak it in warm water for the first time. Always remember that feeding a kitten correctly with water, only a dry diet can lead to a lack of moisture in its body, which, in turn, can lead to urolithiasis.
How many times do I need to feed a kitten?
Kittens aged 1-3 months should be fed 5 times a day in small portions, from 3 to 6 months – 4 times a day. You can switch to three meals a day after six months, and after a year – to two meals a day. It is clear that these are approximate norms, a lot depends on the cat’s state of health.
No human goodies are suitable – this is the law.
There is no place for ice cream, chocolate and fruit in the pet diet. Buy special treats for kittens.
Delicious food can make up 5-10% of your kitten’s diet if it is ready-made. Even high-quality industrial dishes can not replace good nutrition. They also have calories, so don’t feed your pet.
Dessert for cats: how to make your pet happy
Let’s start with the main thing : if your favorite kitten asks for a piece of sausage, sausage, fish, cheese and other products at the table, tell him the strict “No!
Remember water: it must always be available.
Cats are prone to urolithiasis, and the health of the genitourinary system is laid in childhood. If your cat refuses to drink water, she probably does not like the container. Place several different bowls and remember to change the water in them at least once a day.
Do not mix feed from different manufacturers
Undesirable, and it’s not just about marketing: feed formulations are calculated. If you give one food for breakfast and another for dinner, there is a risk of overdose of some trace elements and insufficient supply.
Mixing feeds from different manufacturers and brands is possible only if you transfer your pet to a new feed.
A healthy cat does not need extra vitamins for feeding. It’s true?
Domestic cats, like their owners, seem to need extra vitamins in addition to food. Actually, no.
If your kitten is healthy and eats ready-made food, do not give him extra vitamins.
Do not introduce vitamins and nutritional supplements into your child’s diet without the advice of a doctor and the advice of a veterinarian. Ready-made feeds already contain the whole complex, and the desire to increase their usefulness will only harm the pet. As a rule, a kitten can be seen if something goes wrong in its body: the condition of the hair, eyes, quality and frequency of the stool will be “told”. In this case, consult a doctor.